The Final Countdown To...

Thursday, September 6, 2012

Primary Analysis #4 - Roger Williams


Examine the letter written by Roger Williams.  Then, comment on it, sharing your thoughts.

  • Which themes in the letter relate back to the themes and ideas within the Chapter 3 reading?  
  • List 2 things within the letter you thought were important ideas relating back to Unit 2?  
  • What does the document reveal about life in the United States in the time it was written?  What evidence within the document demonstrates this?

39 comments:

Austin F said...

1.) The themes in the leter that relate to the themes in the chapter 3 reading are religous tolerance, and ethical acceptance.

2.) One thing I thought was important in the letter, relating back to unit 2 is when Roger Williams says "that both Papists and Protestants,Jews, and Turks, may be embarked in one ship. I found this to be important because it shows the relgious tolerance of the people on the ship. That they all could go together even though they have different beliefs.This relates back to unit 2 because a large part of the unit was religous tollerance, whether it was in the sewer Rhode Island, Pennslyvania, or any of the other tolerante colonies, religous tollereance played a big role in the colonies, and unit 2. Another part of the letter that I found to be important that relates back to unit 2 was when Williams says "commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors, according to thier deserts and merits." I thought this was important in relation to unit 2 because it shows that people inflict controll and punishment on others according to their status. By this I mean if you are not done as your told even if you do not want to or beilve it is incorrect you will be punished because the person asking such of you has the ability to do so.As in unit 2 when they tell how Williams denys things they say giving his Puritan ideas, he is banished because they can although he did nothing wrong they do not want to loose control or power over what they have.

3.) The document reveals that the United States at the time was beginning to become more tolerant with peoples beliefs, but there is still a ferm control over things not giving the people all freedom. The evidence that backs this up from the document is when he states that all the different people from different ethnicities,and religons can co-exist on one ship. The evidence of the control is shown when he says that the people of the religons arent forced to worship something they want, and that commanders can give punishments for those who dont help. These both show how the United States was and was beginning to become at the time.

gabby said...

1)The themes and ideas that relate to themes in chapter three are religious tolerance among the people and to maintain and obey the laws and order.

2)Two things i believe were important relating back to unit 2 were, first when Williams is speaking about all of the different types of people and religions on the ship and he commands that "justice, peace and sobriety be kept and practiced". This shows that people actually had religious tolerance and could get along with each other even with different beliefs. The way this related back to unit 2 is that getting along and following laws was a big part of many of the colonies to stay peaceful, and religious tolerance made it that way. Another important topic relating back to unit 2 is when Roger Williams is talking about punishing anybody that does not want to follow the rules of the ship, this ties back to unit 2 because that is also what happened in colonies when laws and orders were not followed, people were punished so they could learn from their mistakes.

3)The evidence that reveals what life in the United States was like during the time the letter was written is Roger Williams talking about all of the religions being together on one ship and deal with each other. People during the time were becoming more tolerant of other peoples beliefs so not everybody had to be the same. There was still strict control over the people as well so it was not out of control. The evidence supporting this is Williams saying,"It hath fallen out sometimes, that both papists and protestants, jews and turks, may be embarked in one ship...nor compelled from their own particular prayers or worship." (Roger Williams) This quote is talking about all of the different religions together and how he hopes nobody is compelled from their own. Also, supporting evidence about the ways the laws are being enforced to control the people is, "The commander of commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors, according to their deserts and merits", showing that people will be punished if they do not obey the rules.

Jon Han said...

1. The themes and ideas that relate back to chapter 3 are religious tolerance and the establishment of law and order
2. One thing that intrigued me and related to the ideas of unit 2 was "that none of the Papists, Protestants, Jews, or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayer of worship nor compelled from their own particular prayer or worship." i thought that this related back to unit 2 because it speaks of being tolerant of other religions and not making any effort to convert or change one another in the period that they were traveling. This shows me that they contain the ability to be accepting of others and overlook their differences because ultimately their goals are the same; religious freedom and happiness. This idea of religious tolerance thought up by Roger Williams stayed throughout history and showed itself again in other colonies such as Pennsylvania which was one of the most tolerant colonies in the middle colonies. Another idea that was related to unit 2 was "if any refuse to obey the common laws and orders of the ship, concerning their common peace or preservation.........commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors" This relates to unit 2 because this shows there is no freedom of opinion and any who disturbs the "peace" would be punished like Roger Williams and Annie Hutchinson who were exiled for voicing their individual views.
3. This letter reveals that the United States is slowly becoming more capable of religious tolerance. Although at that time, it is still evident that there is strict control of individualistic ideas, by being able to stay on a boat with other religious people without compelling or disrupting each other, these people show the capacity to respect each other. "That both Papists and Protestants,Jews, and Turks, may be embarked in one ship." This successful experience allows others like Roger Williams to believe in a more tolerant society.

Airiel V said...

1. The themes in the letter that relate to chapter 3 are religious tolerance and the making of laws and order.
2. One thing that I thought was important was the religious tolerance of Roger Williams in his letter. I thought that was important because most people were religiously tolerant so it was unusual for someone to be so religiously tolerant. Another thing I thought was important was how Roger Williams was saying that it shouldn't matter about your social rank; that we're all equal in Christ. Roger Williams was saying that if people resist something that they are told to do, they shouldn't get penalized for it; depending on what the resistance is on. That's important because in the 1600s control was power and no one argued with someone who was in control of any situation; people didn't have their own opinions.
3. This document reveals that the United States was slowly started to progress into a more civilized community. The evidence is Roger Williams and his opinions. Other people were having those opinions along with him which mean that in time, things change and become more modernized. It shows that people were becoming tolerant of religions but not fully. Also it talks about the rules and how they are becoming more reasonable and lenient.

Miranda Zygmunt said...

1) The theme in the letter from Roger Williams relates back to the theme of Chapter 3 which are religious tolerance and the need for common law.

2) One thing I thought was important relating back to Unit 2 was "That none of the Paptists, Protestants, Jews, or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayers or worship, nor compelled from thier own particular prayers or worships" which means that Roger Williams wants religious tolerance aboard the ships to the new world. This relates to Unit 2: Chapter 3 because in the establishment of colonies, religious tolerance could not be agreed on and caused settlers to be persecuted for wanting seperation between the church and state. The second thing I thought was important from the letter that related to Unit 2 was "If any seamen refuse to perform their services, or passengers to pay their freight; if any refuse to help.....no masters nor officers, no laws or orders, nor corrections nor punishments; I say, I never denied" which means that if anyone refuses to do their part, they can be punished because they didn't do what they were supposed to instead of religious differences. This relates to Unit 2 because when the colonies were forming, religious tolerance was becoming more desired. People wanted civil and religious authority to be seperated so they could not be punished simply for their different beliefs.

3) The document reaveals that life in the United States was beginning to accept different religions and practice religious freedom. The evidence from the document that supports this is that all different types of people like Paptists, Protestants, Jews, and Turks are all on one ship and should be allowed to practice their beliefs without punishment.

Cameron S said...

1) The themes in the letter that relate to the themes in Chapter 3, are religious tolerance and the need for a common law.

2) One thing I thought was important that related back to Unit 2, was when Roger Williams said, "That both Papists and Protestants,Jews, and Turks, may be embarked in one ship." This is important, because it means he wants to make these people see how they became some sort of "society" or family in the ship, making it seem like there were no differences between them because of their religion. I thought this related to Chapter 3, because in the section The Rhode Island "Sewer", Roger Williams fled to R.I. in 1636, and established religious freedom for all kinds of people. Another thing I thought related back to Unit 2, was when Williams said, "If any seamen refuse to perform their services, or passengers to pay their freight; if any refuse...to help no masters nor officers, no laws or orders, nor corrections nor punishments; I say, I never denied." This is important because Williams is saying that if nobody helps or does their part, they will be punished. This relates back to Chapter 3, because in the section The Rhode Island "Sewer", Williams' endorsement of religious tolerance made R.I. more liberal than any other English settlements in the New World.

3) The document reveals that the U.S. at that time was still in progress with trying to make people more accepting to those of different religions. The evidence is that the letter was written in 1655, which was after Williams established the Baptist church (1636). Between 1636 and 1655 Williams was still working on religious tolerance with Rhode Island, but he seemed to be going in the right direction with penalizing people if they disgraced any of their commanders, officers, or other passengers, forcing them to get along with everyone.

Stefanie Ellsworth said...

Stefanie Ellsworth said...
1. The themes in the letter relate back to Chapter 3 are religious tolerance and the desire for a common law.

2. One thing I thought was important relating back to Unit 2 is when Roger Williams said "None of the Paptists, Protestants, Jews or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayers or worship nor compelled from their own particular prayers or worship if they practice any". This relates to Chapter 3 because in the establishment of the colonies, religious tolerance wasn't agreed upon and caused the settlers to be persecuted for wanting separation between church and the state. Also, he wants to show the people that their religion doesn't affect them. The second thing I thought was important was "If any seamen refuse to perform their services or passengers to pay their freight; if any refuse to help... no masters nor offices, no laws or orders nor corrections nor punishments; I say, I never denied". This relates to Unit 2 because when the colonies were formed more people wanted religious tolerance. The people were punished for their mistakes and so they can learn from them, and civil and religious authority were separated so people couldn't be punished for their religious beliefs.

3. This document reveals that life in the United States was accepting different religions and freedom. The evidence from the document that supports this is that different types of people: Paptists, Protestants, Jews and Turks can be all on the same ship and practice their religion without getting punished.

Brooke H said...

1. The themes in the letter that relate back to the themes and ideas within chapter 3 are religious tolerance and a need for common laws.

2. One thing that I thought was important in the letter that relates back to Unit 2 is when Roger Williams said "none of the Papists, Protestants, Jews or Turks be forced to come to the ships prayers or worship nor compelled from their own particular pray or worship, if they practice any." I thought this was really important because it shows that Roger Williams thought all people could get along without a common religion. It relates back to our book because in the book Williams fled to Rhode Island, which was also known as the sewer, to establish complete freedom of religion. Another thing that I thought was important was "justice, peace, and sobriety be kept and practiced, both among the seamen and all the passengers" because he was saying that no matter who you are, you need to behave and follow instructions or else you'll be punished. This relates back to unit 2 because when it talked about forming the colonies, peace and obeying was a big part.

3. This document reveals that life in the United States wasn't accepting to your religion but it was starting to improve. The evidence within the document that reflects this is how Roger Williams thought that all Papists, Protestants, Jews and Turks could be on the same ship together and not have to change their religion or be punished.

Nathan H said...

1. The theme the relates back to the chapter is religion, specifically how it shaped how colonies ran itself whether it be tolerate or not to other religions. Rhode island had freedom of religion and no taxes to support a state church which some colonies did not have.

2. One thing that was in important in the letter that relate back to unit two is religion. Religion during that time help shape colonies and their interaction with others. Roger williams used a good example with the ship illustrating that even if your different race or believe in different religions people can work together. In saying that another theme that relates to the unit is E pluribus Unum or the emergence of it. Using the example of the ship again he explains how if one refuses to work for the good of the crew they will be punished and for that, not for race.

3. As said before the document reveals about how religion played a major part in the founding of the original thirteen colonies like Rhode island. Which means a major part of life in the united states was religion. That some colonies were strictly religious and discriminated people so others colonies were formed to combat that problem. Showing that people were adapting to the new world and out of many people they could unite and become one.

Gangsta Phil said...

1. the themes in roger williams letter to the people of providence relate to chapter 3 of our text book because roger williams is talking about religious freedom wich people living in massachusetts at the time were denied of and in our text books it says that roger williams was banished from massachusetts and discovered rhode island for all religions to be accepted.
2. two ideas that i found in roger williams letter that relate back to the book where first how roger williams after being banished from massachusets moved to rhode island and formed a charter colony all by himself wich is mentioned in unit 2 of our book along with anne hutchinson who founded new york after also being banished from massachusetts. the second idea that i fouhd intresting was how in his letter it sounds like he is pleading with his fellow providence population too make them unerstand his beliefs wich could be a result of them losing faith in him and in wich way he wants to direct that colony and could lead to revolt like many others have done throughout the 13 colonies wich is how it relates back to unit 2.
3. this document reveals that life in america was changing and breaking away from england at a slow pace by forming colonies that didnt rely on the church of england to run, the colonies started creating there own religions.

Izabella G. said...

1. The themes in Roger Williams letter relate to the themes of religious tolerance and the establishment of laws and order which was explained in chapter 3. Rhode Island allowed the practice of free religion which made it the most liberal colony. It also did not require colonists to pay taxes to support a state church, whereas most colonies did.

2. One important idea within the letter that relates back to Unit 2 is the religious tolerance Roger Williams had obtained. Many colonies had been strict of their religions and did not allow certain religions to practice their beliefs in their colony. Williams had stated, "...that none of the Papists, Protestants, Jews, and Turks, be forced to come to the ship's prayers or worship...". Williams had explained his tolerance of other religions and encouraged these people to continue their practice, which had led to many religions not tolerated throughout the colony staying in Rhode Island. It had also led to the formation of other religious tolerant colonies such as Pennsylvania. Another important idea had been the idea of punishment when law and order were not followed. Just as Williams had stated that the commanders had the right to resist, compel and punish the people on the voyages if they had not done what they were told. During these times colonies had been very strict amongst their people and ensured that they always followed order or punishment would happen.

3. This document reveals that life in the United States had been starting to become introduced to different cultures and accepting them. Many immigrants that had came to the U.S. had followed different religions than the common people which they had been able to learn from and understand. By mixing these cultures together some colonies had been to become more accepting of people's differences and allowing for religious tolerance. Williams had stated, "..both Papists and Protestants, Jews and Turks may be embarked in one ship..". He had shown his belief that a variety of cultures could blend together to form a society while still obtaining peace. But, punishment had still been in affect amongst the people in the U.S. when rules were not followed.

Pallavi Kasturi said...

1. The themes in the letter that relate to the themes in chapter 3 were religious, tolerance, and organization of law and order.

2. The first thing that was important in the letter that was related to Unit 2 is, when Roger William says, “In hath fallen out sometimes, that Papists and Protestants, Jews and Turks, may be embarked in one ship.” This is important because it explains the religious tolerance of people on the ship. This is related to unit 2 because in that chapter it talks about how a large part of the unit was religious acceptance. In Unit 2 Religious acceptance was a big role. The second part I found that was related to unit 2 was this, “if any refuse to obey the common laws and orders of the ship, concerning their common peace or preservation...commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors.” This relates to unit 2 because it shows there is no freedom of opinion and any who disturbs the peace would be punished like Roger Williams and Annie Hutchinson who were banished for expressing their individual views.

3. The document reveals life in the United States a becoming more tolerant with the others beliefs, the time it was written in shows how people were becoming a bit more accepting to the others people beliefs and more tolerant with others. There was still some still obvious that there was strict control of individual ideas, by being able to stay on a boat with other religious people without disrupting each other, these people show the ability to respect each other. “The commander of commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors, according to their deserts and merits,” showing that people will be punished if they do not obey the rules.

Matt Cosciello said...

1)The themes of religious tolerance and need for common law relate to the themes in chapter 3.

2) one thing I thought was important in the letter relating back to unit 2 was when Williams said "none of the Papists, protestants, Jews, or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayer of worship nor compelled of their own particular prayer or worship." This is because it showed the religious tolerance of the people on the ship. In Unit 2, religious tolerance plays a big role and the fact that all of these different religions are able to peacefully deal with each other on one ship means a lot. Another thing I thought was important in this letter relating to Unit 2 was when Williams is talking about how if people don't follow the rules exactly as told they will be punished. I thought this was important because in Unit 2 (1600s) it talks a lot about this; people didn't have their own opinions because they feared that argument would lead to drastic punishment.

3) This document shows that in this time era of the United States people were doing everything in their power to accept everyone for who they are. This is because in the document Williams talks about how religiously tolerant people were on the ship with one another's religions, and that outside of religion everyone had to accept basic principles so there would be no free opinion or argument.

Paul said...

1. The themes in the letter relate back to the themes and ideas within the Chapter 3 reading are religious tolerance. The theme is religious tolerance because in the letter, Roger Williams said, that none of the people on that ship should be compelled from their own particular prayers or worship. This relates to how it says in out textbooks how Roger Williams established complete freedom of religion.

2. A couple things that i thought were important in the reading were, when Roger Williams said, that none of the Papists, Protestants, Jews, or Turks, be forced to come to the ships prayers or worships. This is important because it shows religious tolerance. Also that they could all get along on the ship. This relates back to the textbook because of what happened in the Rhode Island "Sewer". Like I said before how Williams fled to Rhode Island and established complete freedom of religion. Also in the letter I thought was important when Williams said, he commands justice, peace, and sobriety be kept and practiced. I thought it was important because it established somewhat of a rule, because if you didn't follow them, you were to be punished. This relates back to unit 2 because in the colonies they had rules to follow.

3. This document reveals that the United States was becoming more tolerant and respecting of the rules and if not followed, you were to be punished. Because in the letter it says you were to be punished if you did not follow/practice these rules.

Kevin Tucker said...

1. The theme's from Roger William's letter that relate back to chapter three are religious tolerance and the need for law and order.

2. One thing that I thought was important in the letter relating back to unit two is when he say, "If any refuse to obey Laws and Order of the shit, concerning their common peace and preservation; if any shall mutiny and rise up against their commanders and officers; if any shall preach or write, that there ought to be no commanders, nor officers because all are equal to Christ...The commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such trangressors, according to their Deserts and Merits." This is because it shows they are moving towards common law. The second this was when he said "Papists and Protestants, Jews and Turks may be embarqued into one ship". That's important because it shows religious tolerance.

3. The document reveals that the United States was changing and transitioning. The people are becoming more tolerant of everyone else's religions and don't show as much hate/ discrimination against them. Also it shows that the U.S is starting to adopt a more lawful system and be more harsh with their punishment against criminals and theifs.

Emma C said...

1. The themes in this letter that relate back to those in the chapter 3 reading are Religous tolerance and the ideas of the common law.

2. Two things within the letter that I thought were important ideas relating back to unit 2 are when Wilimas said, " It hath fallen out sometimes, that both Papists and Protestants, Jews and Turks, may be embarked in one ship." This is important because unit 2 talks about Religous tolerance and this tells us that if these Religous groups can be on one ship than they are tolerant of each other. Another thing that I thought was important is when Williams says," I say, I never denied, bit in such cases, whatever is presented, the commander or commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors, according to their deserts and merits." This is important because unit 2 talks about how back then they didn't have much freedom of speech on the ship, and if they said or did something wrong in the eyes of the commander they had to be punished.

3. This document reveals that people at this time in the United States were becoming more religously tolerant of each other. The evidence within the document that demonstrates this is when Williams says, " It hath fallen out sometimes, that both Papists and Protestants, Jews and Turks, may be embarked in one ship." Before this time, these groups would have nevere been able to be on the same ship, but now they are more tolerant of each other.

brian c said...

1. The theme in the letter that relates to chapter 3 is religious tolerance and how common law is needed
2. Something I found important was that The Papists Protestant Turks and Jews were all on one ship and they did not have to do any particular worshiping. The religious tolerance plays a big part in unit 2 because it talks about how Rhode Island is "The Sewer" and would accept any kind of person no matter what faith. Religious tolerance was very important back then because with out it some people may have never gone to Rhode Island or even came to America. Another thing I found important was how Roger Williams made commanders which were almost like police. Also he said "justice sobriety and peace must be practiced" or they would be punished.
3. The document shows that the colonies were starting to be more acceptant about peoples religion it shows this when it talks about the Jews Papists Turks and Protestants were all on the same boat with no major problems.

Christina Popik said...

1) The themes in this letter that relate back to the themes and ideas within the Chapter 3 reading are the need for common law and religious tolerance.

2) One thing within the letter that I thought was an important idea relating back to Unit 2 is when Roger Williams said “that none of the Papists, Protestants, Jews, or Turks be forced to come to the ship’s prayers or worship, nor compelled from their own particular prayer or worship, if any practiced.” Williams thought people had the right to believe in whatever they wanted. He didn’t want to force anybody to worship or pray; he let the people on the ship do whatever they believed in. They were all in the same boat; they all got judged and treated horribly for not wanted to be a part of the Church of England, therefore he wanted them to feel welcome somewhere. Another thing is he wanted common laws. Even if Williams believed in religious freedom, he wanted some rules for his new colony. He believed in having a structured and organized colony so things didn’t get crazy and out of hand. For example, if a commander wasn’t obeyed, the colonist would be punished.

3) The document reveals about the United States that if you weren’t a certain way or believed in something that England said you can believe in, then you wouldn’t be accepted. It also showed people who didn’t believe in the Church of England, stuck together and didn’t judge because they knew what it felt like and just wanted peace. Evidence of this is when Williams said the Papists, Protestants, Jews, and Turks would all be on one ship. They were allowed to practice and worship whatever they wanted. Being on a ship with a lot of diverse people and beliefs was the first step to religious freedom and they didn’t want to ruin this chance.

Sean Maziuk said...

1.The themes in the letter that relate to chapter three are the themes of religious tolerance and the need of a common law.

2.An important idea I found, relating to unit 2, was when Williams said"That none of the Paptists, Protestants, Jews, or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayers or worship, nor compelled from thier own particular prayers or worships" I found this important because it reflected on Roger Williams' desire for a judgement-free colony after being bannished from Massachusetts. Another important idea I found was Williams allowing the punishment of anyone who didn't obey the rules. This is important because while colonies differed greatly in terms of laws and policies, they all shared the lack of tolerance for those who disobey.

3.The letter reveals that the United States were at a crossroads with their tolerance of religion. While Massachusetts was strictly Puritan, and most other colonies had strict religious policies, while Rhode Island, Williams' colony, tolerated all types of religion. Roger Williams' decisions would start a movement of religious freedom.

Lucas Q. said...

1. The themes in the letter that relate to Chapter three was the religious tolerance in the colony of Rhode Island and the need for common laws.

2. One important idea in the letter that relates to Unit two was the religious tolerance that he received in the letter he states that "None of the Papists, protestants, Jews, or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayer of worship nor compelled of their own particular prayer or worship." It just shows Williams didn't care what you believed in and that everyone could come together as one without a common religion. Also in the letter it says “if any refuse to obey the common laws and orders of the ship, concerning their common peace or preservation...commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors.” This statement is an important in the idea that it reflects the fact that there was no freedom of opinion and whoever didn't obey was punished much like Williams and Anne Hutchinson who were banished for there actions.

3. The document expresses that the United States was becoming more tolerant of people's opinions and freedoms. This is supported by the letter because it talks about how all the people of different religion all got along on the ship.

Bethany Verab said...

1.) The themes in the letter that relate back to the themes in the chapter 3 reading include religious tolerance and the establishment of law and order.

2.) One thing that I thought was important in the letter written by Roger Williams that related back to unit 2 is when Williams said,"None of the Paptists, Protestants, Jews or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayers or worship nor compelled from their own particular prayers or worship if they practice any..." This relates to chapter 3 when religious tolerance wasn't agreed upon and caused the settlers to be persecuted for wanting separation between church and the state. A second thing I thought was important in the letter that also relates back to chapter 3 is when William also states, "commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors, according to thier deserts and merits." This relates back to chapter 3 because people's religions caused strong negativity and violence between other people who didn't believe in the same religion or religions that other people believed in. This time of conflict was mainly because the Puritans wanted to stay in control and not be over powered.

3.) The document reveals that the United States at the time was beginning to accept other people's culture or religion in order to modernize the society. The acceptance of different religions was happening at a fairly slow rate, and still being controlled to a certain extent. But the good thing about it is that people are now taking in consideration that not all people are the same and believe in the same religion. The evidence that demonstrates this in the document is when Williams states, "It hath fallen out sometimes, that both papists and protestants, jews and turks, may be embarked in one ship...nor compelled from their own particular prayers or worship." This quote means that you can have many different kinds of people together in the same society and many different religions, but either way their together as a whole.

Justine said...

1) The themes in letter that relate back to the themes and ideas in the Chapter 3 reading are religious tolerance, and the need for a common law for people to obey.

2) One thing in the letter that relates back to Unit 2 is,"That none of the Papists, Protestants, Jews, or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayers or worship, now compelled from their particular prayers or worship, if they practice anything." This definitely relates back to Unit 2 because it talked about religious tolerance and this is a clear example of it. Religious tolerance was why Rhode Island was formed, so people could live there and practice their own religion without being threatened. Another thing that relates back to Unit 2, is,"If any seamen refuse to perform their services,or passengers pay their freight, if any refuse to help and obey the common law...in such cases, whatever is pretended, the commander or commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish transgressors." This connects to Unit 2 because the quote is saying that if you don't obey the law, do your job, or listen to the people in charge, then you will get punished. Just like, our book describes how Roger Williams was banished because he believed in religious freedom.

3) This document reveals that life in the United States just started to welcome new religions and became more tolerant with religious beliefs. The evidence that supports this in the document is,"That both Papists, Protestants, Jews, and Turks may be embarked on one ship." This shows that people with all different religions came to the United States in one ship because it was welcoming religious freedom in Rhode Island and Pennsylvania.

Chris Bogardus said...

1. The themes of the chpater that relate the letter are the need for common law and religious tolerance.

2. Two things that were important ideas relating back to Unit two are when Williams wrote about all the different people of different religions on the same boat. Unit two was mainly about religious tolerence and that is what they had on the ship. Another important idea was when Williams wrote about a common punishment/law. Unit two was also about a desire for common law as this is what happene inhis letter.

3. The document reveals the USA was becoming religously tolerant to all people. They also were becoming more involved with a common law. The evidence that supports this is writing Rodger Williams uses in the letter.

Myranda Williams said...

1. The themes in the letter that relate to themes in Chapter 3 was Religious tolerance and the need of a law.

2.Two things I found important in the letter was that The Papists Protestant Turks and Jews were all on one ship. Also when Roger Williams said "None of the Paptists, Protestants, Jews or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayers or worship nor compelled from their own particular prayers or worship if they practice any". This relates to Chapter 3 because in the establishment of the colonies, religious tolerance wasn't agreed upon and caused the settlers to be persecuted for wanting separation between church and the state.

3.The document expresses that the United States was becoming more tolerant of people's thought and freedoms. This is supported by the letter because hoe the letter talks about the people of different religion all got along on the ship. Also how they arent forced to agree with eachother and with ship captains.

Joanna C said...

1)The themes in the letter that related back to the chapter three reading were the longing for religious tolerance by Roger Williams and the need for orderly laws.

2)Two things in this letter I thought were important relating back to unit 2 was, the concept of the "Rhode Island sewer" and Roger Williams' standing up for religious tolerance. These things are important because they are two very stressed topics. I think the part in the letter that best represents these topics is when he mentions the thing about how protestants, jews, turks, etc. should all be allowed on the boat together without being discriminated against, or compelled for their own religious beliefs. Also he says, with this should come peace, and like a civil environment, like sobriety, and justice, With any disruptions of these things, would come common charges.

3)This document reveals that the united states was very conservative..and unaccepting of others beliefs. It demonstrates that life was very stict and consiquential. This is pretty much proven by the fact that Roger Williams was exiled for believing what he believed. Despite all this though, it also demonstrates America's growing tolerance for other religions, due to the development of an entire religiously tolerative state, Rhose Island.

Jen Fusco said...

1. The themes in the letter that relate back to the themes and ideas within Chapter 3 are religious tolerance and a need for common laws.

2. One thing I thought was important in the letter, relating back to Unit 2 is when Roger Williams says "that Papists and Protestants, Jews, and Turks, may be embarked in one ship." I found this to be important because it shows the religious tolerance of the people on the ship. They do not judge you on what you believe in or where you are from. This relates back to unit 2 because a large part of the unit was religious tolerance, like the Rhode Island "Sewer", where people went to live after being rejected by other colonies because of their religion. Another part of the letter that I found to be important that relates back to unit 2 was when Williams says "commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors, according to their deserts and merits." I thought this was important in relation to unit 2 because it shows that people inflict control and punishment on others according to their status. By this I mean if you are not done as you’re told even if you do not want to or believe it is incorrect you will be punished because the person asking such of you has the ability to do so, as in Unit 2 when they explain how Williams was banished for not believing in their ideas. Even though he didn't do anything wrong, they feared he was giving other Puritans ideas.

3. This letter reveals that the United States is slowly becoming more capable of religious tolerance and the United States is becoming a more civilized community. At that time, there was still strict control of people's opinions and ideas. But by being able to stay on a boat with other religious people without having any trouble, these people show that it is possible to respect each other. Evidence within the document that demonstrates this is "That Papists and Protestants, Jews, and Turks, may be embarked in one ship."

Dianka said...

1. The themes that relate back to chapter three are the ideas of religious tolerance and the organization and establishment of a common law.

2. An important thing in the letter that relates back to unit 2 was the fact that Roger Williams actually encouraged religious freedom within the colonies. It states,"...all are equal in Christ,..." This is important because in Unit 2 you can conclude that people were not tolerant of more than one religion, religious freedom was basically frowned upon and the fact that Roger Williams had his own beliefs that everyone was equal either way and thought that society should be tolerant of every religion is important. Another important thing is when he says. "...justice, peace, and sobriety be kept and practiced, both among the seamen and all the passengers." This is important because it shows Williams desire for a organization of law and justice where everyone is equal and punishment exists, where is one is not treated fairly they will be punished and this also relates back to unit 2 because organization of a common law was something the colonies lacked and it's a step up, that Roger Williams saw this as an issue and wanted to solve it somehow.

3. This document demonstrates that at the time, life in the United States wasn't the easiest but you were able to tell from this document that the country was beginning to evolve. This may have been only the beginning of where all the slave labor would begin but it is made obvious that there were people out there who believed in equality. In the document Roger Williams says that we are all equal in Christ, and he also says that justice, peace, etc must be practiced within EVERYONE, and that Papists, Jews, Protestants, and Turks should embark on a ship together. That comes to show that there were people out there like Roger Williams that were going to try make changes to our society and make a difference. The United States wasn't anywhere close to perfect, it was still intolerant of religion and it was tough but it was evident that our country would begin to slowly start evolving towards making movements in the society and making differences revolving around the tolerance, freedom, and order of the people.

Ryan D. said...

1. The themes in the letter that relate back to the themes and ideas in Chapter 3 are religious tolerance and the need for common law.

2. One thing that related back to Unit 2 that I thought was important is the idea that all of these people of different religions, (Papists and Protestants, Jews,and Turks) are all aboard one ship together. This relates back to Unit 2 when Roger Williams created the new colony and ensured that it would be judge-free of religious views. Another important thing that relates back to Unit 2 is how Williams would punish the people aboard the ship if they did not obey the rules. This connects to the lack of tolerance of people who broke rules and would then be punished.

3. This document reveals that life in the United States was becoming more unified. This letter shows that the people are becoming more accepting of the religion of other people.

Matt Vartelas said...

1. The themes in the Roger Williams letter that relate back to the ideas within Chapter 3 are need for a common law and religious tolerance.

2. An important idea I found in the letter that relates back to Unit 2 is when Roger Williams says "That none of the Paptists, Protestants, Jews, or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayers or worship, nor compelled from thier own particular prayers or worships". I find this important because it shows his desire for religious tolerance, like he showed, to be all throughout the new world. Also within the letter I read about his desire to common laws which is a big part of Unit 2 because that was one thing the colonies lacked.

3.The document reveals that the colonies were separated from religion but that Williams was starting a religious movement that would change the strict tolerance of the colonies. The evidence in the document is how Williams is bringing religions together in Rhode Island and how more and more people are going to want to be religiously free.

Julian F said...

1.The themes and ideas in the letter that relate to the themes in chapter 3 are religious tolerance and a need for a common law.

2. One thing i found important in the letter that relates back to unit 2 is the religious difference of all the people aboard the ship ( jews, protestants, papists, turks). This relates to unit 2 by when Roger Wiliams created the judgmental-free colony where it didnt matter what religion you were and everyone lived together. Another important thing I found was lack of tolerance for people who disobeyed laws. Depending on a person's status, they can be in control and punish others which relates to unit 2.

3. The letter reveals that the United States was slowly starting to become more and more together as one, rather than separated by religious views. Evidence that shows this is when the letter talked about all the religiously diverse groups were getting along on the ship, despite their difference in religions.

Katherine A. said...

1)
The themes in the letter from Roger Williams that relate back to the themes/ideas of Chapter 3 are the need for common law and religious tolerance.
2)
1. One idea within the letter that I thought was an important idea that related back to Unit 2 was how Roger Williams was banished from Massachusetts and he moved to Rhode Island to from a charter colony. This is just like how Anne Hutchinson was able to be the founder of New York after also being banished from Massachusetts. They were both banished for organizing religious rebellions against the Massachusetts Bay authorities.
2. A second idea within the letter that I thought was an important idea that related back to Unit 2 was how consequences were followed through with during these times. Roger Williams stated that: “commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors.” This idea relates back to Unit 2 because Unit 2 discusses how there was no freedom of opinion during that time and anyone who tried to be different and it resulted in disturbing the peace would be punished. Colonies thought it was easier to be very stern with their rules so that people would never try to rebel or change the order of things.
3)
The document reveals that life in the U.S. at the time was still developing. Life was about trying to make everyone happy and show other people that you can allow different religions in areas. Roger Williams was one of the very few people at this time that believed it was possible for people with different religions to all be civil with each other. In the letter, he says: “that both Papists and Protestants, Jews, or Turks” can all physically be together on the same ship and will not have to change their religion just because they believe different things or be punished for what they believe in.

Sam Hardiman said...

1)The themes in this letter that relate to the themes in chapter three are religious tolerance, where colonies had to chose whether or not they would tolerate specific religions, and to establish and maintain common law.

2)Two things in the letter relating back to unit two is when Roger Williams stated "...none of the Papists, Protestants, Jews, or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayers of worship...". This is important because it shows how tolerant of religion the people on the ship were. They weren't going to force anyone to worship someone or something that they didn't believe in and that they could follow their own personal beliefs. This is similar to how Rhode Island was concerning religion. There, anyone could follow any religion they wanted to and weren't questioned about it.Another thing that related back to Unit two was when Roger Williams states "...and also command, that justice, peace, and sobriety be kept and practiced..." This is important to both the Unit and this source because it shows how organized and in order he wanted everything to be, and at this time this was something that the colonies lacked, and he knew that it needed to be changed.

3)This document reveals that the United States, right from the beginning, would have freedom, in some way or form. It shows a downsized version of what people still want today. People still want freedom, similar to what people wanted during the time this was written, and they were given the freedom of religion in several places.Also, people still want organization and order of the town and colony, and today laws are still very important and also why this is such a successful and significant country known throughout the world. This document shows that people during this time, and people today are having the same ideas and want the same things for this country.

Frankie M. said...

1. The themes in the letter which relate to Chapter 3's themes are religious tolerance and the need of laws.

2. The first important part in the letter which relates to Unit 2 is, when Roger William says, that "Papists and Protestants, Jews and Turks, may be embarked in one ship," and it's important because it expresses the religious tolerance of people on the ship. It is related to unit 2 because in religious acceptance was a large part of what Unit 2 discussed. Another part I can relate to Unit 2 is that “commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors,” which relates to unit 2 by showing the lack of freedom of opinion, and that and that those who disturb the peace will recieve punishment.

3. The document shows that the US was becoming more open to and accepting of people's opinions and freedoms, which the letter supports by talking about how people of various religious backgrounds managed to get along on the ship.

Patrick Martin said...

1. The theme that relates to the theme in the letter and chapter 3 is how the people dident care what relgion the people were.
2. Two things that i found inportant was how the people on the ship were all severving a puropuse even if they were not the same relgion. Another thing that i found inportant was how he mentioned the peace among the people on the boat.
3. The document shows how the united states was already a very diverse and understanding place even in its early years. The part were the writer decribes the many diffrent types of relgions and diffrent types of peopel that were on the boat.

Nicole Thomas said...

1. The themes in the letter that relate to the themes and ideas within the chapter 3 reading are religious tolerance and the making of laws and order.
2. One thing that i thought were important in the letter was that it was okay to have a different religion and why can't they live together in harmony? Another thing i thought that was important in this letter was the followings of law. In the letter it says, "If any of the seamen refuse to perform their services, or passengers to pay their freight .... because all are equal in Christ, therefore no masters nor officers, no laws or orders, whatever is pretended, the commander or commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors, according to their deserts and merits."
3. The document reveals that the United States was trying to become more diverse and try to be more accepting of the different religions. In the letter it said," There goes many a ship to sea, with many hundred souls in one ship, whose weal and woe is common, and is a true picture of a commonwealth, or a human combination or society."

Edard loves pags said...

1. The themes in the letter that relate back to the ideas in the chapter are the ideas about religion and also the fact that there was no set laws so people could pretty much make up their own laws and do whatever they want.

2. One thing that I thought was important was how religion was such a huge factor in everything that happen. Religion was what actually formed colonies and made people come together. Another important idea that I found was how they did not have any tolerance for anyone that did not obey the laws. Anyone that was higher up then the person committing the crime could determine the committers punishment so in the end they would not get off easy which in turn brought crime down.

3. What this document reveals is that while you were living in certain areas of the US you did not necessarily have religious freedom. You were forced to adapt to the religion that was already in place. By the end though the religious problems started to improve though. The evidence in the document that shows this is how Roger Williams thought that everyone could be on the same ship together and not have to change their religion and all of them live in harmony.

Gavin Colwell said...

This letter shares similar themes with Chapter 3. They both talk about religious tolerance. Roger Williams felt that no body should be forced to convert to a new religion. He also felt that all religions should be able to live together peacefully. He says,"...Papists and Protestants, Jews and Turks, may be embarked in one ship..." This relates to the book because it says that Williams built a Baptist Church and established complete religious freedom. Another important thing from the letter that relates to the book is how people "shut... their eyes" to religious tolerance. This letter reveals that at the time, there was major prejudiced, not only of race, but of religion too. This letter also shows that it was at a point were some people, like Roger Williams, wanted to destroy those prejudices.

Ola Tanellari said...

#1. The themes in the letter that relate back to the themes within the chapter 3 reading were religious tolerance and the establishment of law and order and ethical and religious acceptance.

#2. One important idea that relates the letter to Unit 2 would be Roger Williams quote stating, "… none of the Papists, Protestants, Jews, and Turks, is forced to come to the ship's prayers or worship...” Williams had explained his tolerance about other religions and encouraged people to continue on practicing the religion they chose and this led to the fleeing of the religiously untolerated to Rhode Island where they were free to practice what they wanted. This was also a building block for other religious tolerant countries such as Pennsylvania in the future. Another important idea was he wanted common laws. Even if Williams believed in religious freedom, he wanted some rules for his new colony. He believed in having a structured and organized colony so there is at least some order.

#3. The document reveals that life in the United States in the time it was written was The document reveals about the United States that if you weren’t a certain way or acted a certain way based of English rules and church, then you were not accepted. It also showed people who didn’t believe in the Church of England, and worked together to not judge one another and basically strive for new land and peace in their life. Evidence of this is when Williams said the Papists, Protestants, Jews, and Turks would all be on one ship. They were allowed to practice and worship whatever they wanted.

Alena Bertola-Rumeli said...

r1) The main themes in the letter hat relate to the chapter 3 reading are religious tolerance and the establishment and enforcement of law.

2) Something i think is important that relates to unit two is when Williams said, "that none of the Papists, Protestants, Jews, or Turks be forced to come to the ship's prayer of worship nor compelled from their own particular prayer or worship." i think this was important because it refers to being tolerant of people with different religions. unit two also was big on religious acceptance of everyone. Another topic that both Roger Williams and unit two stressed is enforcement of law, Williams said, "if any refuse to obey the common laws and orders of the ship, concerning their common peace or preservation...commanders may judge, resist, compel, and punish such transgressors" this means that law enforcement has total authority over the people and the people cannot question them.

3) The document shows that the United States had been evolving into a more civilized and united nation. There is a strong control over the people by enforcing laws and more acceptance of people of different ethnic and religious backgrounds which makes a more peaceful country.