federal government--was laid out in a series of essays or treatises collectively called the
Federalist Papers. The eighty-five essays appeared in one or more of the following four New York newspapers: 1) The New York Journal, edited by Thomas Greenleaf, 2) Independent Journal, edited by John McLean, 3) New York Advertiser, edited by Samuel and John Loudon, and 4) Daily Advertiser, edited by Francis Childs. Initially, they were intended to be a twenty essay response to the Antifederalist attacks on the Constitution that were flooding the New York newspapers right after the Constitution had been signed in Philadelphia on September 17, 1787.
The Cato letters started to appear on September 27, George Mason’s objections were in circulation and the Brutus essays were launched on October 18. The number of essays in The Federalist was extended in response to the relentless, and effective, Antifederalist criticism of the proposed Constitution.
The first 36 essays together were bundled, and they appeared in the newspapers between October 27, 1787 and January 8, 1788, and published them as Volume 1 on March 22, 1788. Essays 37 through 77 of The Federalist appeared between January 11, and April 2, 1788. On May 28, John McLean took Federalist 37-77, as well as the yet to be published Federalist 78-85, and issued them all as Volume 2 of The Federalist. Between June 14 and August 16, these eight remaining essays, Federalist 78-85, appeared in the Independent Journal and New York Packet.The author of Federalist Paper 51 is not known, though it was most likely James Madison or Alexander Hamilton. The author argues that the Constitution's federal system and separation of powers will protect the rights of the people.
Read Federalist Paper #51. Then, in the comments section, respond to three of the following questions.
- How does the anonymous author reflect ideas of a republican form of government?
- Why is the author so concerned with the distribution of power between the parts of government?
- What "check and balances" does the author propose to keep the three powers of the government separate and distinct?
- How does the author advocate for protections or safeguards for the rights or liberties of the people?
- How does the separation of powers protect minority interests?
- Does the Constitution account for all of the possible interests in American society and protect them equally?